Volume 1 · Number 3 · Pages 103–110
Construction and Design

Ranulph Glanville

Download the full text in
PDF (101 kB)

> Citation > Similar > References > Add Comment

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of the author in writing this paper is to establish the connection between design and constructivism. To that end, it is argued that design is a necessarily constructivist activity (both in terms of the design of concepts and the design of objects and processes); and that design preceded constructivism by many millennia. Method: This argument is made through reference to concepts and developments in second order cybernetics, and an analysis of central activities that designers perform – particularly sketching and doodling, used in the manner of holding a conversation with oneself. Findings: The parallelism between design and constructivism (and second order cybernetics) is demonstrated; and a distinction between knowledge of (a situation) and knowledge for (an action) is drawn. Knowledge for is the knowledge that supports action, including the action of constructing. Original value: Design is placed at the heart of constructivist activity, validated by criteria that that are sympathetic to designing. Thus, constructivist activity is reinforced by the analysis of design activity; and design activity is reciprocally reinforced by the analysis of constructivist activity.

Key words: black Box, circularity, conversation, design, doodle and sketch, knowledge of, knowledge for, object

Citation

Glanville R. (2006) Construction and design. Constructivist Foundations 1(3): 103–110. http://constructivist.info/1/3/103

Export article citation data: Plain Text · BibTex · EndNote · Reference Manager (RIS)

Similar articles

Dyer G., Jones J., Rowland G. & Zweifel S. (2015) The Banathy Conversation Methodology
Baron P. (2018) Heterarchical Reflexive Conversational Teaching and Learning as a Vehicle for Ethical Engineering Curriculum Design
Kynigos C. (2015) Designing Constructionist E-Books: New Mediations for Creative Mathematical Thinking?
Kauffman L. H. (2016) Cybernetics, Reflexivity and Second-Order Science
Weibel P. (2008) Tertium Datur. Historical Preconditions and Ways to Mitterer’s Non-dualizing Philosophy

References

Foerster H. von (1976) Objects: Tokens for (eigen-) behaviours. ASC Cybernetics Forum 8(3 & 4): 91–96. ▸︎ Google︎ Scholar
Foerster H. von (1989) Wahrnehmen wahrnehmen. In: Ars Electronica (ed.) Philosophien der neuen Technologien. Merve Verlag, Berlin: 27–40. ▸︎ Google︎ Scholar
Glanville R. (1975) A cybernetic development of theories of epistemology and observation, with reference to space and time, as seen in architecture. Ph D Thesis, unpublished, Brunel University. ▸︎ Google︎ Scholar
Glanville R. (1978) Leaving space for design,. Presented to North London Polytechnic Design Research Group. ▸︎ Google︎ Scholar
Glanville R. (1981) Why design research? In: Jacques R. & Powell J. Design/method/science. Westbury House, Guilford: 86–94. Originally presented at Design Research Society, Portsmouth, 1980. ▸︎ Google︎ Scholar
Glanville R. (1982) Inside every white box there are two black boxes trying to get out. Behavioural Science 12(1): 1–11. Originally presented at Conference of the Cybernetics Society, London, 1979. ▸︎ Google︎ Scholar
Glanville R. (1998) A (cybernetic) musing: The gestation of second order cybernetics 1968–1975: A Personal Account. Cybernetics and Human Knowing 5(2): 85–95. ▸︎ Google︎ Scholar
Glanville R. (2005) A (cybernetic) musing: Certain propositions concerning prepositions. Cybernetics and Human Knowing 12(3): 87–95. ▸︎ Google︎ Scholar
Glanville R. (2005) Appropriate theory. Proceedings of FutureGround conference of the Design Research Society. Monash University: Melbourne. Published on CDROM. ▸︎ Google︎ Scholar
Glanville R. (in press), Design prepositions. Keynote lecture at the conference The Unthinkable Doctorate, Brussels, April 2005. To be published in the proceedings. ▸︎ Google︎ Scholar
Glasersfeld E. von (1990) An exposition of constructivism: Why some like it radical. In: Davis R., Maher C. & Noddings N. (eds.) Constructivist views on the teaching and learning of mathematics. National Council of Teachers of Mathematics: Reston VA. Reprinted in: Klir G. (ed.) (1991) Facets of systems science. Plenum Press. New York: 229–238. http://www.vonglasersfeld.com/127
Kelly G. (1955) A theory of personality. Norton, New York. ▸︎ Google︎ Scholar
Pask G. (1975) Conversation theory. Hutchinson, London. ▸︎ Google︎ Scholar
Piaget J. (1955) The child’s construction of reality. Basic Books, New York. ▸︎ Google︎ Scholar
Pias C. (ed.) (2003) Cybernetics – Kybernetik: The Macy conferences 1946–1953. Diaphanes: Zürich/Berlin. ▸︎ Google︎ Scholar
Rosenblueth A., Wiener N. & Bigelow J. (1943) Behavior, purpose and teleology. Philosophy of Science 10: 18–24. ▸︎ Google︎ Scholar
Saussure F. de (1966) Course in general linguistics. McGraw Hill, New York. ▸︎ Google︎ Scholar
Schön, D. (1985) The design studio: An exploration of its traditions and potentials. RIBA Publications for RIBA Building Industry Trust, London. ▸︎ Google︎ Scholar
Scott B. (2001) Conversation theory: A constructivist, dialogical approach to educational technology. Cybernetics & Human Knowing 8(4): 25–46. ▸︎ Google︎ Scholar
Vaihinger H. (1911) Die Philosophie des Als-Ob. F. Meiner, Leipzig. ▸︎ Google︎ Scholar
Wiener N. (1948) Cybernetics. MIT Press, Cambridge MA. ▸︎ Google︎ Scholar
Wootton H. (1968) The elements of architecture: A facsimile reprint of the first edition. Shakespeare Library by the University Press of Virginia: Charlottesville. Original work published 1624. ▸︎ Google︎ Scholar

Comments: 0

To stay informed about comments to this publication and post comments yourself, please log in first.