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Upshot: Conversational conferences are difficult to design in a way that avoids the consequences that arise when participants are not experienced with or fully value the conversational mode of interaction. So, the designers of such conferences must experiment with ways to build a culture, use a structure, and facilitate participation that might mitigate some of these consequences. The potential of the experimental conference designed in the light of second-order cybernetics lies, in part, in the prospect of identifying and acquiring the conversational abilities and appreciations necessary to support a participative-dialogic society.
Richards L. D. (2015) Author’s response: Design for participation: Culture, structure, facilitation. Constructivist Foundations 11(1): 93–97. http://constructivist.info/11/1/093
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