Volume 10 · Number 1 · Pages 56–58
Systemic-internal and Theoretical Views on Second-Order Observations

Edmundo Balsemão Pires

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Open peer commentary on the article “The Circular Conditions of Second-order Science Sporadically Illustrated with Agent-based Experiments at the Roots of Observation” by Manfred Füllsack. Upshot: I address Füllsack’s main conclusions in his article regarding the meaning of second-order observations. Especially envisaged are the epistemological and ontological difficulties raised by his scrutiny of the merging between systemic-internal conditions of second-order reflexivity and the thematic-theoretical accounts of selection, intentionality and purposiveness in evolutionary systems.


Balsemão Pires E. (2014) Systemic-internal and theoretical views on second-order observations. Constructivist Foundations 10(1): 56–58. http://constructivist.info/10/1/056

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