Volume 10 · Number 1 · Pages 133–135
The Social and Political Context of Science

Stuart A. Umpleby

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Open peer commentary on the article “On Climate Change Research, the Crisis of Science and Second-order Science” by Philipp Aufenvenne, Heike Egner & Kirsten von Elverfeldt. Upshot: Second-order science primarily focuses on perception and cognition. However, social contexts, including political interpretations of science, are also included because they are part of the interpretations of the observer. To understand a scientific theory, it is helpful to understand neurophysiology, the history of the individual and the social and political context in which the scientist was operating.


Umpleby S. A. (2014) The social and political context of science. Constructivist Foundations 10(1): 133–135. http://constructivist.info/10/1/133

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