Volume 10 · Number 2 · Pages 186–189
Autopoiesis Applies to Social Systems Only

Milan Zeleny

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Open peer commentary on the article “The Autopoiesis of Social Systems and its Criticisms” by Hugo Cadenas & Marcelo Arnold. Upshot: I reaffirm and extend the notion of social autopoiesis away from mere labels and descriptions to acting physical components of social systems and societies, ranging from subcellular to biological and human. All self-producing biological organisms are essentially societies of interacting components and therefore notions of autopoiesis and social systems are fundamentally, if not definitionally, interrelated. Some examples of real-life applications of social autopoiesis are also given. Future generations of scientists might even find the qualifier “social” redundant because there is no other autopoiesis than “social.”


Zeleny M. (2015) Autopoiesis applies to social systems only. Constructivist Foundations 10(2): 186–189. http://constructivist.info/10/2/186

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