Volume 11 · Number 1 · Pages 82–84
Avoiding Violence by Design

Andrew O. Brightman

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Open peer commentary on the article “Designing Academic Conferences in the Light of Second-Order Cybernetics” by Laurence D. Richards. Upshot: I propose that a lack of a common ground or culture of understanding is a design flaw in academic conferences that creates opportunities for violent reactions. I suggest that an additional or revised design principle or praxis should be considered through application of second-order cybernetics.


Brightman A. O. (2015) Avoiding violence by design. Constructivist Foundations 11(1): 82–84. http://constructivist.info/11/1/082

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