Volume 11 · Number 2 · Pages 228–233
Authors’ Response: Enactivism, Cognitive Science, and the Jonasian Inference

Dave Ward & Mario Villalobos

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Upshot: In our target article we claimed that, at least since Weber and Varela, enactivism has incorporated a theoretical commitment to one important aspect of Jonas’s philosophical biology, namely its anthropomorphism, which is at odds with the methodological commitments of modern science. In this general reply we want to clarify what we mean by (Jonasian) anthropomorphism, and explain why we think it is incompatible with science. We do this by spelling out what we call the “Jonasian inference,” i.e., the idea that we are entitled, based on our first-person experience of teleology, to take the appearance of teleology in other living beings at face value.


Ward D. & Villalobos M. (2016) Authors’ response: Enactivism, cognitive science, and the jonasian inference. Constructivist Foundations 11(2): 228–233. http://constructivist.info/11/2/228

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