Volume 12 · Number 1 · Pages 14–16
Circularities, Organizations, and Constraints in Biology and Systems Theory

Leonardo Bich

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Open peer commentary on the article “Circularity and the Micro-Macro-Difference” by Manfred Füllsack. Upshot: The target article defends the fundamental role of circularity for systems sciences and the necessity to develop a conceptual and methodological approach to it. The concept of circularity, however, is multifarious, and two of the main challenges in this respect are to provide distinctions between different forms of circularities and explore in detail the roles they play in organizations. This commentary provides some suggestions in this direction with the aim to supplement the perspective presented in the target article with some insights from theoretical biology.


Bich L. (2016) Circularities, organizations, and constraints in biology and systems theory. Constructivist Foundations 12(1): 14–16. http://constructivist.info/12/1/014

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