Volume 12 · Number 1 · Pages 109–110
How Change Happens with Difficulty

Robert J. Martin

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Open peer commentary on the article “A Cybernetic Approach to Contextual Teaching and Learning” by Philip Baron. Upshot: I consider implications of Baron’s article on change in university education. In particular, I address the problem of why change happens with difficulty and how the principles and practices of second-order cybernetics that Baron discusses are applicable beyond South Africa to a wide range of situations.


Martin R. J. (2016) How change happens with difficulty. Constructivist Foundations 12(1): 109–110. http://constructivist.info/12/1/109

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