Volume 13 · Number 1 · Pages 105–107
What Is the Exact Directional Causality Between Affect, Action and Time-Consciousness?

Aviva Berkovich-Ohana

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Open peer commentary on the article “The Past, Present and Future of Time-Consciousness: From Husserl to Varela and Beyond” by Shaun Gallagher. Upshot: A triple schematic connection between affect, action and time-consciousness can be represented as follows: “affect → action (anticipation) → time-consciousness (protention.” Two questions are raised: what is the exact directional causality between these three phenomena? And does empirical evidence from the study of certain conditions where the time-experience, affect and action were shown to be transformed support the proposed connections? While psychiatric disorders show a similar schematic causation between these phenomena, this is not the case for meditation. One possible explanation of the inconsistency is the question of the interplay in affect between arousal and valence.


Berkovich-Ohana A. (2017) What is the exact directional causality between affect, action and time-consciousness? Constructivist Foundations 13(1): 105–107. http://constructivist.info/13/1/105

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