Volume 16 · Number 1 · Pages 050–052
Collective Effects of Heinz von Foerster’s Ethical Imperative: Future State Maximization on Various Levels

Stephan Herminghaus

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Open peer commentary on the article “Foresight Rather than Hindsight? Future State Maximization As a Computational Interpretation of Heinz von Foerster’s Ethical Imperative” by Hannes Hornischer, Simon Plakolb, Georg Jäger & Manfred Füllsack. Abstract: I point out that Future State Maximization (FSX) as introduced in the target article can take place on several different levels within the same system. Furthermore, the fact that the space in which choices are maximized can differ from the space in which agents are moving gives rise to the generality of FSX, which allows for its widespread application. I shall discuss this for the task of organizing a society in case of a pandemic and for the development of physical theories.

Handling Editor: Alexander Riegler


Herminghaus S. (2020) Collective effects of Heinz von Foerster’s ethical imperative: Future state maximization on various levels. Constructivist Foundations 16(1): 050–052. https://constructivist.info/16/1/050

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