Volume 18 · Number 1 · Pages 023–025
Maturana’s Ontology of the Observer and Cultural Biology: Understanding the Organization of Living

Alejandro Ochoa-Arias, Bruno Jerardino-Wiesenborn & Alberto Paucar-Caceres

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Open peer commentary on the article “The Organization of the Living: Maturana’s Key Insights” by Fritjof Capra. Abstract: We focus on: (a) the implications of the ontology of the observer and the role of language as a type of structural coupling that opens up the idea of cultural biology as the final statement upon which Maturana relies to account for the dynamic of the human being as a living (cognitive) system; (b) the identification of some insights through the concept of structural coupling; and (c) the possibility of extending Maturana’s ideas to other fields of knowledge, as suggested by Capra.


Ochoa-Arias A., Jerardino-Wiesenborn B. & Paucar-Caceres A. (2022) Maturana’s ontology of the observer and cultural biology: Understanding the organization of living. Constructivist Foundations 18(1): 023–025. https://constructivist.info/18/1/023

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