Volume 9 · Number 2 · Pages 211–213
Learning by Experiencing versus Learning by Registering

Olivier L. Georgeon

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Open peer commentary on the article “Subsystem Formation Driven by Double Contingency” by Bernd Porr & Paolo Di Prodi. Upshot: Agents that learn from perturbations of closed control loops are considered constructivist by virtue of the fact that their input (the perturbation) does not convey ontological information about the environment. That is, they learn by actively experiencing their environment through interaction, as opposed to learning by registering directly input data characterizing the environment. Generalizing this idea, the notion of learning by experiencing provides a broader conceptual framework than cybernetic control theory for studying the double contingency problem, and may yield more progress in constructivist agent design.


Georgeon O. L. (2014) Learning by experiencing versus learning by registering. Constructivist Foundations 9(2): 211–213. http://constructivist.info/9/2/211

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